The influence of the nobility was also weaker as the new merchant class asserted its presence and wealth energetically; the Han abolished hereditary positions. Their political power was mostly held by aristocrats, but the Roman senatorial aristocracy and the Chinese feudal aristocracy differed in characters.
The Renaissance a thousand years later marked the conscious return to the classical heritage. In his China and the Roman Empire before Constantinetheir "differences outweighed the similarities".
Powerful ministers grew seditions ideas. In contrast to the elegant aristocrats of feudal China, the senatorial aristocrats of the early Roman Republic were rustic and pragmatic.
Thus although the king had notional authority over the world, substantive authority was distributed among feudal aristocrats, the lords and their ministers.
The more than a thousand fully independent tiny states were descendants of fiefdoms erected in the eleventh century BCE by the king of Zhou. However, political comparisons by Adshead have received negative response from Chinese history experts; citing his lack of use of Chinese sources, poor support of his arguments and an eagerness to take poorly supported points as facts.
In Han china, poetry, stories and books were very common; the elite was expected to be versed in prose and poetry. As China's system was much more advanced than theirs, they gradually adopted to the Chinese system, abandoning their previous practices.
As written by Han authors, roads built during the Han were tamped down with metal rammers, yet there is uncertainty over the materials used; Joseph Needham speculates that they were rubble and gravel. Growing population and prosperity increased social complexity.
The Han maintained and expanded the massive engineering works of their predecessor Qin. After the reunification of China by the Jin, they resettled millions of barbarians in Northern China in order to replenish depopulated areas. Music and entertainment were separated from rituals, with the exception of funeral rites which were taken very seriously.
By embracing Confucian political ideas, the Han established a government that created a careful balance that both allowed emperors to exercise their own power and that empowered officials freedom to carry out their duties, and even to criticize government and impeach corrupt superiors.
Private landed property right was unknown; land ownership was undifferentiated from fiefdom and political sovereignty. His reforms in Qin, beginning in BCE, not only brought Qin from an underdog to the major league of warring states, but also set the institutional foundation for imperial China.
Affordable effective tools and weapons empowered the common producers and warriors. This spanned more thanmileskm of roads, including more than 50, miles 80, km of paved roads. Qinqin, the love of relatives, was the prime political principle.
These include repairs and renovation work on the Dujiangyan Irrigation System of Sichuan and Zhengguo Canal of Shaanxiboth of which were built by the previous State of Qin.
These policies, together with the social unrest caused by the extravagance of the Jin officials and the infighting of the Jin royal family, soon lead to the collapse of the Jin.
Wealthy men often bankrolled artists. At the bottom of society were convicts, beggars and slaves, who formed a small part of the population. The Romans influenced everybody that they conquered and traded with.
For centuries, they almost annually voted for war, showing a deep militarism surpassing that of both the Greeks and the Chinese.
Able pragmatists instituted reforms in various states to improve administration and provide some rational direction for the newly unleashed social energy.
It was very costly to protect their borders from the perpetual invasions sent out by the Germanic leaders. This may not be a blessing for the common people.
In the wars that followed, the Han empire was divided into three contending states It was not until the 4th century that China was reunified under the Jin dynasty Chinese: During the Han Dynasty, women were to be submissive to their husbands and sons.
Culture A bronze horse from the Han dynasty In both empires, learning and the arts were patronized by both the state and landowners.
The Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire could simply not expect to advance with poor leadership and strong Germanic Invasions. One of the main differences between the Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire were their separate forms of government.
A rich nobleman, even though he may been born well, can by his acts be called shameful. First, a republic was established, in which freedom and the right to vote were given to the common people.
Han China and Roman Empire Comparison Similarities: Both Han China and the Roman Empire showed. that they were powerful by investing a lot in public works like roads, bridges, a ueducts, canals, and protective walls!
The empire was so large that internal trade was initiated in the empire alongside external trade with other empires like the Han and the Classical Indian on the Silk Road. The Roman had extensive art depicting war valor and the honoring of leaders like Julius Caesar and Augustus.
The Roman Empire and Han Dynasty were both powerful influential forces in their heyday.  This research project compares the economic, social, technological and. The Roman Empire and Han Dynasty sprang up at around the same time.
The Roman Empire was essentially everything that touched the Mediterranean while the Han took over much of China. Obviously, differences in culture, tradition, and location caused them to be different in ways; but even though these /5(19).Download